Behavioral Sustainability Lab

    Jiaying Zhao, PhD, Associate Professor, Canada Research Chair (she/her)

Manuscripts in progress (available upon request)
    Adachi, K., Dowlatabadi, H., & Zhao, J. (under review). On the acceptance of intergenerational legacies: A comparison of Canada and Japan.
    Yu, R. & Zhao, J. (under review). A weighted summation framework for conjunctive predictions.
    Luo, Y., Li, A., Soman, D., & Zhao, J. (under review). A meta-analytic cognitive framework of nudge and sludge.
    Larsen, V. J.*, Carriaga, R.*, Wething, H., Zhao, J.* & Hall, C. C. * (under review). Behavioral consequences and intervention of financial shocks. (joint first or senior authors)
    Burrowes, A., Babakaiff, C., & Zhao, J. (under review). Nudging employees to document client eligibility decisions.
    Dwyer, R., Palepu, A., Williams, C., & Zhao, J. (under review). Unconditional cash transfers reduce homelessness.
    Park, Y. R., Hallez, K., Kaur, S., Srinivasan, M., & Zhao, J. (under review). A framework for the psychology of poverty.
    Shah, A., K., Zhao, J., Mullainathan, S., & Shafir, E. (under review). A scarcity literature mischaracterized with an empirical audit.

In press
    Sörqvist, P., Volna, I., Zhao, J., & Marsh, J. (in press). Irregular stimulus distribution increases the negative footprint illusion. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology.
    Dwyer, R., Stewart K., & Zhao, J. (in press). A comparison of cash transfer programs in the Global North and South. Using Cash Transfers to Build an Inclusive Society: A Behaviourally Informed Approach.
    Hardisty, D., White, K., Habib, R., & Zhao, J. (in press). Sustainable nudges for the wild: Recommendations from SHIFT. Behavioral Science in the Wild.
    Luo, Y., Douglas, J., Pahl, S., & Zhao, J. (in press). Reducing plastic waste by visualizing marine consequences. Environment & Behavior.
    McCunn, L., Gifford, R., & Zhao, J. (in press). Relating the Canadian Psychological Association’s position on the importance of psychological science in addressing climate change to cities and health. Cities and Health.

2022
    Naito, R., Zhao, J., & Chan, K. (2022). An integrative framework for transformative social change: A case in global wildlife trade. Sustainability Science, 17, 171–189.
    Wu, J., Hauert, C., Kremen, C., & Zhao, J. (2022). A framework on polarization, cognitive inflexibility, and rigid cognitive specialization. Frontiers in Psychology, 13:776891.
    Moon A., Zhao J., Peters, M. A. K., & Wu, R. (2022). Interaction of prior category knowledge and novel statistical patterns during visual search for real-world objects. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 7:21.
    Blau, W., Bond, H., Crete, E., Khung, D., Kuester, A., O'Riordan, T., Torres, G., & Zhao, J. (2022). Lessons from COVID-19 for climate change. A white paper at Springer Nature.
    Zhao, J. & Whitehead, L. (2022). A guaranteed basic income could end poverty, so why isn’t it happening? The Conversation. (Editor reviewed)

2021
    Sachdeva, S., Wu, J., & Zhao, J. (2021). The impact of scarcity on pro-environmental behavior in the COVID-19 pandemic. Frontiers in Sustainable Cities, 3:767501.
    Zhao, J., Woo, Y. P. & Whitehead, L. (2021). A research agenda to get more people out of poverty. Issues in Science and Technology. (Editor reviewed)
    Zhao, J., Naito, R., Luo, Y., & Deans, N. (2021). Getting everyone to act on climate change. SDG Action. (Editor reviewed)
    Deans, N., Naito, R., Luo, Y., & Zhao, J. (2021). The science behind collective climate action. Impakter. (Editor reviewed)
    Zhao, J. & Luo, Y. (2021). A framework to address cognitive biases of climate change. Neuron, 109, 3548-3551.
    Habib, R., White, K., Hardisty, D., Zhao, J. (2021). Shifting consumer behavior to address climate change. Current Opinion in Psychology, 42, 108-113.
    Luo, Y. & Zhao, J. (2021). Attentional and perceptual biases of climate change. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 42, 22-26.
    Callahan, M. M., Satterfield, T., & Zhao, J. (2021). Into the animal mind: Perceptions of emotive and cognitive traits in animals. Anthrozoös, DOI: 10.1080/08927936.2021.1914439
    McCunn, L., Gifford, R., Veitch, J. A., Arbuthnott, K., Zhao, J., Arnold-Schutta, P., Young, C., Jardine, N. (2021). Addressing climate change in Canada: The importance of psychological science. A Position Paper of the Canadian Psychological Association.
    Sachdeva, S. & Zhao, J. (2021). Distinct impacts of financial scarcity and natural resource scarcity on sustainable choices and motivations. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 20, 203-217.
    Yu, R. & Zhao, J. (2021). Association knowledge guides conjunctive predictions in novel situations. Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp.1684-1690). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
    Wu, R., Zhao, J., Cheung, C., Natsuaki, M. N., Rebok, G., & Strickland-Hughes, C. M. (2021). Learning as an important privilege: A lifespan perspective with implications for successful aging. Human Development, 42, 22-26.

2020
    Echeverri, A., Karp, D. S., Frishkoff, L. O., Krishnan, J., Naidoo, R., Zhao, J., Zook, J., & Chan, K. M. A. (2020). Avian cultural services peak in tropical wet forests. Conservation Letters, e12763, https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12763
    Wynes, S., Zhao, J., & Donner, S. (2020). How well do people understand the climate impact of individual actions? Climatic Change, 162, 1521-1534.
    Mani, A., Mullainathan, S., Shafir, E., & Zhao, J. (2020). Scarcity and cognitive function around payday: A conceptual and empirical analysis. Journal of the Association for Consumer Research, 5, 365-376.
    Yu, R. & Zhao, J. (2020). The presence of joint predictors generates conjunctive predictions. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 27, 1279-1290.
    Zhao, J., Azad, M. B., Burton, C., Crooks, V. A., Dawson, J., Ford, A. T., Kaida, A., Krishnaswamy, A., Kuok, C., Mah, C. L., McTaggart, M., Moehring, A., Robert, D., Schulte-Hostedde, A., Sparling, H., De Vera, M. A., & Patel, T. R. (2020). Canadian Science Meets Parliament: Building relationships between scientists and policymakers. Science and Public Policy, scz062, doi.org/10.1093/scipol/scz062
    Echeverri, A., Karp, D. S., Naidoo, R., Tobias, J. A., Zhao, J., & Chan, K. M. A. (2020). Can avian functional traits predict cultural ecosystem services? People and Nature, 2, 138-151.

2019
    Yu, R. Q., Cooke, M., Zhao, J., & Snyder, J. (2019). Adult neurogenesis promotes efficient, nonspecific search strategies in a spatial alternation water maze task. Behavioural Brain Research, 376: 112151.
    Callahan, M. M., Echeverri, A., Ng, D., Zhao, J., & Satterfield, T. (2019). Using the Phylo Card Game to advance biodiversity conservation in an era of Pokémon. Palgrave Communications, 5:79.
    Luo, Y. & Zhao, J. (2019). Motivated attention in climate change perception and action. Frontiers in Psychology, 10:1541.
    Echeverri, A., Naidoo, R., Karp, D. S., Chan, K. M. A., & Zhao, J. (2019). Iconic manakins and despicable grackles: Comparing cultural ecosystem services and disservices across stakeholders in Costa Rica. Ecological Indicators, 106, 105454.
    Yu, R., Luo, Y., Osherson, D., & Zhao, J. (2019). Perception of multi-dimensional regularities is driven by salience. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 81, 1564-1578.
    Lempert, R., Zhao, J., & Dowlatabadi, H. (2019). Convenience, savings, or lifestyle? Distinct motivations and travel patterns of one-way and two-way carsharing members in Vancouver, Canada. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 71, 141-152.
    Luo, Y., Zelenika, I., & Zhao, J. (2019). Providing immediate feedback improves recycling and composting accuracy. Journal of Environmental Management, 232, 445-454.
    Yu, R. & Zhao, J. (2019). Statistical learning generates implicit conjunctive predictions.Proceedings of the 41st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1247-1253). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
    Luo, Y. & Zhao, J. (2019). Statistical learning creates implicit subadditive predictions.Proceedings of the 41st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2221-2227). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

2018
    Wynes, S., Nicholas, K., Zhao, J., & Donner, S. (2018). Measuring what works: Quantifying greenhouse gas emission reductions of behavioural interventions to reduce driving, meat consumption, and household energy use. Environmental Research Letters, 13, 113002.
    Zelenika, I., Moreau, T., Lane, O., & Zhao, J. (2018). Sustainability education in a botanical garden promotes environmental knowledge, attitudes, and willingness to act. Environmental Education Research, 24, 1581-1596.
    Yu, R. & Zhao, J. (2018). Implicit updating of object representation via temporal associations. Cognition, 181, 127-134.
    Luo, Y. & Zhao, J. (2018). Statistical learning creates novel object associations via transitive relations. Psychological Science, 29, 1207-1220.
    Luo, A. & Zhao, J. (2018). Capacity limit of ensemble perception of multiple spatially intermixed sets. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 80, 2033-2047.
    Wu, D., Lenkic, P., DiGiacomo, A., Cech, P., Zhao, J., & Kingstone, A. (2018). How does the design of waste disposal signage influence waste disposal behavior? Journal of Environmental Psychology, 58, 77-85.
    Echeverri, A., Karp, D. S., Naidoo, R., Zhao, J., & Chan, K. M. A. (2018). Approaching human-animal relationships from multiple angles: A synthetic perspective. Biological Conservation, 224, 50-62.
    Zelenika, I., Moreau, T., & Zhao, J. (2018). Toward zero waste events: Reducing contamination in waste streams with volunteer assistance. Waste Management, 76, 39-45.
    Whitman, J., Zhao, J., Roberts, K., & Todd, R. M. (2018). Political orientation and climate concern shape visual attention to climate change. Climatic Change, 147, 383-394.
    Yu, R. & Zhao, J. (2018). Object representations are biased toward each other through statistical learning. Visual Cognition, 26, 253-267.
    Yu, R., Osherson, D., & Zhao, J. (2018). Alternation blindness in the representation of binary sequences. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 44, 493-502.
    Zhao, J. & Tomm, B. (2018). Psychological responses to scarcity. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Yu, R., Gunn, J., Osherson, D., & Zhao, J. (2018). The consistency of the subjective concept of randomness. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 7, 906-916.
    Shah, A. K., Zhao, J., Mullainathan, S., & Shafir, E. (2018). Money in the mental lives of the poor. Social Cognition, 36, Special Issue: The Status of Status: Vistas from Social Cognition, 4-19.
    DiGiacomo, A., Wu, D., Lenkic, P., Fraser, B., Zhao, J., & Kingstone, A. (2018). Convenience improves composting and recycling rates in high-density residential buildings. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 61, 309-331.
    Namazu, M., Zhao, J., & Dowlatabadi, H. (2018). Nudging for responsible carsharing: Using behavioral economics to change transportation behavior. Transportation, 45, 105-119.

2017
    Zhao, J. (2017). Influencing policymakers. Nature Climate Change, 7, 173-174.
    Zhao, J. & Tomm, B. (2017). Attentional trade-offs under resource scarcity. Augmented Cognition: Enhancing Cognition and Behavior in Complex Human Environments, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 10285, 78-97.
    Echeverri, A., Chan, K. M. A., & Zhao, J. (2017). How messaging shapes attitudes toward sea otters as a species at risk. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 22, 142-156.
    Echeverri, A., Callahan, M. M., Chan, K. M. A., Satterfield, T., & Zhao, J. (2017). Explicit not implicit preferences predict conservation intentions toward endangered species and biomes. Public Library of Science (PLoS ONE), 12(1), e0170973.
    Zhao, J. & Luo, Y. (2017). Statistical regularities guide the spatial scale of attention. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 79, 24-30.
    Wu, R. & Zhao, J. (2017). Prior knowledge of object associations shapes attentional templates and information acquisition. Frontiers in Psychology, 8:843. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00843
    Wu, R. & Zhao, J. (2017). The “item” as a window into how prior knowledge guides visual search (commentary). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, e162, p.49.
    Whitman, J., Zhao, J., & Todd, R. M. (2017). Alternation between different types of evidence attenuates judgments of severity. Public Library of Science (PLoS ONE), 12(7): e0180585.
    Luo, Y. & Zhao, J. (2017). Learning induced illusions: Statistical learning creates false memories. In G. Gunzelmann, A. Howes, T. Tenbrink, & E. J. Davelaar (Eds.), Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, (pp. 774-779). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
    Yu, R., Osherson, D., & Zhao, J. (2017). Alternation blindness in the perception of binary sequences. In G. Gunzelmann, A. Howes, T. Tenbrink, & E. J. Davelaar (Eds.), Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, (pp. 3609-3614). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
    Tomm, B. & Zhao, J. (2017). Scarcity impairs online detection and prospective memory. In G. Gunzelmann, A. Howes, T. Tenbrink, & E. J. Davelaar (Eds.), Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, (pp. 3350-3355). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

2016
    Zhao, J. & Yu, R. (2016). Statistical regularities reduce perceived numerosity. Cognition, 146, 217-222. (Exp1 data, Exp2 data, Exp3 data)
    Mole, C. & Zhao, J. (2016). Vision and abstraction: An empirical refutation of Nico Orlandi’s non-cognitivism. Philosophical Psychology, 29, 365-373.
    Tomm, B. & Zhao, J. (2016). Scarcity captures attention and induces neglect: Eyetracking and behavioral evidence. In A. Papafragou, D. Grodner, D. Mirman, & J.C. Trueswell (Eds.), Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1199-1204). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
    Luo, Y. & Zhao, J. (2016). Statistical learning creates novel object associations via transitive relations. In A. Papafragou, D. Grodner, D. Mirman, & J.C. Trueswell (Eds.), Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 984-989). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

2015
    Yu, R. & Zhao, J. (2015). The persistence of attentional bias to regularities in a changing environment. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 77, 2217-2228.
    Moreau, T., Lane, O., Zhao, J., Geselbracht, D., & Lewis, P. (2015). Sustainable Communities Field School: Innovative environmental education for businesses. In Z. Irwin, C. Hobson, R. P. Selvam, L. Derewnicka (Eds.), Proceedings of the BGCI 9th International Congress on Education in Botanic Gardens (pp. 147-149). Surrey, UK: Botanic Gardens Conservation International.

2014
    Zhao, J., Hahn, U., & Osherson, D. (2014). Perception and identification of random events. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40, 1358-1371.
    Zhao, J., Karbowicz, D., & Osherson, D. (2014). Implicit learning of stimulus regularities increases cognitive control. Public Library of Science (PLoS ONE), 9(4), e93874.
    Hall, C. C.*, Zhao, J.*, & Shafir, E.* (2014). Self-affirmation among the poor: Cognitive and behavioral implications. Psychological Science, 25, 619–625. (*equal author contribution)
    In the news: The Economist, APS, Huffington Post, Vancouver Sun
    Zhao, J. & Osherson, D. (2014). Category-based updating. Thinking & Reasoning, 20, 1-15.

2013
    Mani, A., Mullainathan, S., Shafir, E., & Zhao, J. (2013). Response to Comment on "Poverty impedes cognitive function". Science, 342, 1169.
    Mani, A.*, Mullainathan, S.*, Shafir, E.*, & Zhao, J.* (2013). Poverty impedes cognitive function. Science, 341, 976-980. (*equal author contribution)
    In the news: New York Times, Associated Press, Washington Post, NBC, Reuters, Huffington Post, Globe and Mail, Vancouver Sun, TIME Magazine
    Zhao, J., Al-Aidroos, N., & Turk-Browne, N. B. (2013). Attention is spontaneously biased toward regularities. Psychological Science, 24, 667-677.
    In the news: Psychology Today

2012
    Zhao, J., Crupi, V., Tentori, K., Fitelson, B., & Osherson, D. (2012). Updating: Learning versus supposing. Cognition, 124, 373-378.
    Zhao, J., Crupi, V., Tentori, K., Fitelson, B., & Osherson, D. (2012). Updating: Learning versus supposing. In N. Miyake, D. Peebles, & R. P. Cooper (Eds.), Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1233-1237). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

2011
    Zhao, J., Ngo, N., McKendrick, R., & Turk-Browne, N. B. (2011). Mutual interference between statistical summary perception and statistical learning. Psychological Science, 22, 1212-1219.
    In the news: Press release from APS, ScienceDaily
    Zhao, J. & Turk-Browne, N. B. (2011). Incidental encoding of numerosity in visual long-term memory. Visual Cognition, 19, 928-955.
    Zhao, J. & Osherson, D. (2011). Detecting deviations from randomness. L. Carlson, C. Hölscher, & T. Shipley (Eds.), Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1019-1024). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

2010
    Zhao, J. & Osherson, D. (2010). Updating beliefs in light of uncertain evidence: Descriptive assessment of Jeffrey’s rule. Thinking & Reasoning, 16, 288-307.
    Zhao, J. & Osherson, D. (2010). Descriptive assessment of Jeffrey's rule. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2530-2535). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
    Zhao, J. & Turk-Browne, N. B. (2010). The perception of number from long-term memory. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1240-1245). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

2009
    Zhao, J., Shah, A. K., & Osherson, D. (2009). On the provenance of judgments of conditional probability. Cognition, 113, 26-36.
    Zhao, J., Shah, A. K., & Osherson, D. (2009). On the provenance of judgments of conditional probability. In N.A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 298-302). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Before 2009
    Zhao, J. & Costello, F. J. (2008). Computational modelling of switching behaviour in repeated gambles. Artificial Intelligence Review, 27, 209-222.
    Xia, F., Wang, H., Fu, X., & Zhao, J. (2005). An XML-based implementation of multimodal affective annotation. Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, 3784, 535-541.